Paradox of Medieval Scotland 1093 - 1314

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[personicon] William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)

Biography
Watt and Murray, Fasti, 198, 381: Probably 'W' who occurs as dean of Glasgow on 29 September 1271; occurs again 29 January×11 July 1273 and was consecrated bishop of St Andrews at Rome on 19 May 1280. He was also royal chancellor when he was elected to the see on 4 August 1279. Watt, Graduates, 203-6: William was the son of Gilbert Fraser, knight, sheriff of Traquair in the 1240s and 1250s, and brother of both Simon Fraser (d. 1291×92), who held that same office in 1263 and 1268, and Andrew Fraser, knight. He had a nephew, Richard Fraser, knight, and another kinsman, 'William son of the late Sir Alexander Fraser'. William is probably the same as 'Master William Freysel' found at Oxford in 1256-7. He was Master by 1273, perhaps by 1271. He was dean of Glasgow by January 1272/3×July 1273, having obtained it in May 1270. He appears as chancellor of Scotland in March 1276/7, though he may have held the office since 1273/4, and may have remained in office until 1282×84/5, when Thomas de Chartres appears as chancellor. He held the church of Ayr by March 1276/7 and was elected to the see of St Andrews on 4 August 1279, though not described as 'bishop-elect' in September of that year. In January 1284/5 it is possible he was at the papal court. He was elected one of the six guardians of the realm (1286-92), during which time he travelled frequently to England. He was later part of an embassy of Scots to travel to France to conclude the 1295 treaty, and remained there until his death, at Auteuil on 20 August 1297, and was buried in the Dominican church at Paris, with his heart returning for burial at St Andrews.
Floruits
1271 × 1296
Related Place
St Andrews
Matrix
William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)
Matrix
William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297) (2)
Matrix
William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297) (counterseal)
Family connections
» Gephi Visualisation
Grantor Beneficiary relationships
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Total number of associated factoids: 478

Listing items 1 to 50, page 1 of 4


Date Short Summary Role Witnesses Source
unavailable Petition of the dean and chapter of Glasgow Addressee 2/147/16 (Glas. Reg., no. 214 )
unavailable Concession of 1,100 marks Grantor 4/50/0 (Records of May, App. no. I)
unavailable Command to pay Richard Siward 40 marks Addressor 1/50/46 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 219)
unavailable Request to send named persons to treat with the English king at Salisbury Addressee 1/50/32 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 92)
unavailable Petition to install Robert of Haddington into the vicarage of Linlithgow (WLO) Addressee 2/10/281 (St A. Lib., 403)
unavailable Confirmation of papal grant concerning vicarages of Kilconquhar (FIF), Largo (FIF) and North Berwick Grantor 2/97/63 (N.B. Chrs., no. 24)
unavailable Appointment of persons to hear and terminate the quarrel between communities of Aberdeen and Montrose Addressor 1/50/3 (Abdn. Burgh Chrs., no. 1)
unavailable Gift (?) of Humbie in Liston (ELO) Grantor 2/97/61 (RMS, v, no. 2271b)
unavailable Appointment of guardians of Scotland Appointee 1/27/0 (Douglas, iv, no. 2)
unavailable Petition by the dean and chapter of Glasgow Addressor 2/147/17 (Glas. Reg., no. 222)
unavailable Request to send named persons to treat with the English king at Salisbury named person (transaction) 1/50/32 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 92)
unavailable Treaty concerning marriage of Prince Edward and Lady Margaret Party 2 1/50/37 (Foedera, i, II, 736)
unavailable Petition of the dean and chapter of Glasgow Addressor 2/147/15 (Glas. Reg., no. 215 )
unavailable Treaty of Salisbury Party 3 1/50/32 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 92)
unavailable Appointment of four men to negotiate the betrothal and marriage of Edward Balliol Appointee 1/51/24 (APS, i, 451-3)
unavailable Concession of Prior of May without consent of king of England Grantor 2/87/3 (Duncan, May Docs., no. 57)
unavailable Confirmation of right of patronage of church of Arngask Grantor 2/50/2 (Camb. Reg., no. 3)
unavailable Petition by the dean and chapter of Glasgow Addressor 2/147/18 (Glas. Reg., no. 223)
unavailable Restoration of common way within valley of Douglas Judge 1/51/10 (Douglas, iii, no. 10)
unavailable Gift of church of Kirkton (St Ninians, STL) Grantor 2/10/301 (Camb. Reg., no. 116)
unavailable Appointment of four men to negotiate the betrothal and marriage of Edward Balliol Appointee 1/51/24 (APS, i, 451-3)
unavailable Request to append seal named person (transaction) 3/632/33 (NLS, Adv. MS 15.1.18, no. 48)
unavailable Treaty made between Scotland and France Party 1 1/51/28 (Stevenson, Docs., ii, no. 372a)
unavailable Petition concerning election of William Lamberton to see of St Andrews named person (transaction) 2/156/8 (Stevenson, Docs., ii, no. 512)
unavailable Request for indemnity for visitation Addressee 2/10/282 (ND, App., no. 486)
unavailable Concession concerning land of Carmyle Grantor 2/147/18 (Glas. Reg., no. 223)
unavailable Request for indemnity for visitation Addressee 2/10/286 (ND, App., no. 487)
unavailable Command to pay 24s. 7d. to Walter Curry Addressor 2/0/0 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 238)
unavailable Confirmation of right of patronage of church of Heriot (MLO) Grantor 2/154/5 (Newb. Reg., no. 249)
unavailable Grant of church of Annan to dean and chapter of Glasgow Beneficiary 2/7/84 (Glas. Reg., no. 225)
unavailable Sale of priory of May Beneficiary 2/87/2 (Records of May, App. no. IB)
unavailable Ordination of Bishop Fraser Grantor 2/97/59 (St A. Lib., 176-8)
unavailable Treaty made between Scotland and France Party 1 1/51/24 (APS, i, 451-3)
unavailable Agreement that marriage may take place between Prince Edward and Lady Margaret Addressor 1/50/34 (Foedera, i, II, 731)
X 25 Nov. 1289 Command to pay John de Gray/Hay his fee Addressor 1/50/26 (Stevenson, Docs., i, 114n)
29 Sept. 1271 Resignation of annual rent of 10 marks and ferme of teinds of Langton (BWK) Grantor 2/41/15 (Kel. Lib., no. 221)
28 Nov. 1273 Command to institute church of Annan into possession of a third party named person (transaction) 2/7/84 (Glas. Reg., no. 225)
11 Aug. 1274 Confirmation of liberties and customs of church of Salisbury Beneficiary 2/147/16 (Glas. Reg., no. 214 )
19 Jul. 1275 Correspondence concerning case between Robert, bishop of Glasgow and dean and chapter, over land of Carmyle (LAN) Party 2 4/32/103 (Glas. Reg., no. 226A)
23 Mar. 1277 Concession to hold additional benefice Beneficiary 2/149/1 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 454)
22 Feb. 1278 Announcement that King Alexander is sending William, bishop of St Andrews and William de Soules named person (transaction) 1/8/108 (RRS, iv, no. 112)
24 May 1278 Announcement that the king has sent his reply to King Edward named person (transaction) 1/8/109 (RRS, iv, no. 113)
10 Apr. 1279 Request for credence for liegemen whom he is sending to the court of the king of England named person (transaction) 1/8/116 (RRS, iv, no. 119)
6 Dec. 1279 Obligation to maintain a loan of £200 from merchants etc., making Sir Simon Fraser, kt, and Andrew Fraser, his guarantors Grantor 2/41/16 (Glas. Reg., no. 232)
19 May 1280 X 13 Feb. 1295 Gift of 2 acres in the field of Balloulyn in the tenement of Leuchars (FIF) Consentor 3/224/1 (St A. Lib., 397-8)
19 May 1280 X 20 Aug. 1297 Renewal of teinds of mill of Nenthorn (BWK) Grantor 2/10/272 (Dryb. Lib., no. 151)
19 May 1280 X 20 Aug. 1297 Confirmation of chapel of St Nicholas of Fogo Grantor 2/10/273 (Kel. Lib., no. 308)
19 May 1280 X 20 Aug. 1297 Gift of Kilspindie (PER) named person (transaction) Alexander of Lamberton, knight, sheriff; Geoffrey of Farsley, knight; Henry of Denmuir, knight (fl.1260s-90); Hugh Hay, knight (son of Nicholas); Hugh of Lochore, sheriff of Fife; Hugh of Selkirk, clerk, archdeacon of Brechin; John Cook of Balcaskie; John Murray, knight (son of Malcolm Murray); John of Cambo, chaplain (son of William); Peter de Campania (Champagne), clerk; Ralph de Lascelles, knight; Richard of Tyninghame, clerk; William Cook of Abercrombie, son of Richard 3/317/2 (Erroll Chrs., no. 15)
21 May 1280 Confirmation of election of William, bishop of St Andrews Beneficiary 2/150/7 (Theiner, no. 276)
18 Jul. 1281 Renewal of teinds of mill of Longnewton (ROX) Grantor 2/10/274 (Dryb. Lib., no. 152)


Listing items 1 to 50, page 1 of 2


Date Short Summary Role Source
10 Mar. 1277 Chancellor of Alexander III, king of Scotland (d.1286)(Employment relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
23 Mar. 1277 Chancellor of Alexander III, king of Scots (d.1286) (Employment relationship) subject (relationship) 2/149/1 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 454)
22 Feb. 1278 Fidelis (sworn man) of Alexander III, king of Scotland (d.1286)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/108 (RRS, iv, no. 112)
24 May 1278 Socius (companion) of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/8/109 (RRS, iv, no. 113)
24 May 1278 Messenger (nuncius) of Alexander III, king of Scotland (d.1286)(Employment relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/109 (RRS, iv, no. 113)
24 May 1278 Clerk of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)(Employment relationship) object (relationship) 1/8/109 (RRS, iv, no. 113)
24 May 1278 Fidelis (sworn man) of Alexander III, king of Scotland (d.1286)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/109 (RRS, iv, no. 113)
2 Oct. 1278 Chancellor of Alexander III, king of Scotland (d.1286)(Employment relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/111 (RRS, iv, no. 115)
10 Apr. 1279 Fidelis (sworn man) of Alexander III, king of Scotland (d.1286)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/116 (RRS, iv, no. 119)
14 Sept. 1279 Chancellor of Alexander III, king of Scotland (d.1286)(Employment relationship) subject (relationship) 1/8/123 (RRS, iv, no. 126)
6 Dec. 1279 Brother of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 2/41/16 (Glas. Reg., no. 232)
6 Dec. 1279 Brother of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)(Familial relationship) object (relationship) 2/41/16 (Glas. Reg., no. 232)
19 May 1280 X Jun. 1295 Bishop of John of Haddington, prior of St Andrews (d.1304)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/97/59 (St A. Lib., 176-8)
19 May 1280 X 20 Aug. 1297 Lord (dominus) of Malcolm of Kilspindie, son of Ralph of Kilspindie (Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 3/317/2 (Erroll Chrs., no. 15)
1 Nov. 1281 Predecessor of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 2/10/276 (BL, Cott. Chrs. XVIII, no. 29)
Dec. 1281 Lord (dominus) of various Scottish barons (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 4/42/4 (Stones and Simpson, ii, 189-90)
12 Oct. 1282 Lord (dominus) of Baldred Bisset (d.1311×)(Tenurial & lordship relationship) subject (relationship) 2/50/2 (Camb. Reg., no. 3)
12 Oct. 1282 Official of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)(Employment relationship) object (relationship) 2/50/2 (Camb. Reg., no. 3)
17 Oct. 1282 Official of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297) (Employment relationship) object (relationship) 3/319/1 (Camb. Reg., no. 49)
Sunday 10 Jun. 1285 Official of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)(Employment relationship) object (relationship) 2/10/279 (Newb. Reg., no. 59)
10 Jun. 1285 Official of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297)(Employment relationship) object (relationship) 2/97/58 (Newb. Reg., no. 59)
10 May 1286 Ancestors of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 2/10/282 (ND, App., no. 486)
25 Sept. 1286 Lord (dominus) of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/1 (Stevenson, Docs., i, 25)
4 Dec. 1287 Official of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297) (Employment relationship) object (relationship) 4/34/8 (N.B. Chrs., no. 23)
7 Dec. 1287 Lord of the Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/4 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 22)
8 Dec. 1287 Lord of the Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/5 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 23)
13 May 1288 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/6 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 27)
13 May 1288 Friend (m.) (amicus) of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/6 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 27)
1 Jun. 1288 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/7 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 28)
2 Jul. 1288 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/8 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 30)
1 Sept. 1288 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/10 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 34)
6 Sept. 1288 Lord of Guardians of realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/11 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 36)
12 Sept. 1288 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/12 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 37)
19 Nov. 1288 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/15 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 42)
Thursday 11 Feb. 1289 Ancestor of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297) (Familial relationship) object (relationship) 2/10/286 (ND, App., no. 487)
7 Apr. 1289 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/19 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 58)
12 Sept. 1289 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/24 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 73)
circa 1290 Official of William Fraser, bishop of St Andrews (d.1297) (Employment relationship) object (relationship) 3/599/6 (Moncreiffes, no. 9)
11 Feb. 1290 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/29 (ER, i, 47-8)
15 Feb. 1290 Lord of Guardians of the Realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/30 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 82)
12 Mar. 1290 Fidelis (sworn man) of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/31 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 89)
Tuesday 14 Mar. 1290 Lady (domina) of various men of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/32 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 92)
Tuesday 14 Mar. 1290 Lord (dominus) of various men of Scotland (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/32 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 92)
Friday 17 Mar. 1290 Lady (domina) of various named men of Scotland (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/33 (Foedera, i, II, 730)
Friday 17 Mar. 1290 Lady (domina) of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/34 (Foedera, i, II, 731)
17 Mar. 1290 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/35 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 94)
18 Mar. 1290 Lord of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/36 (Stevenson, Docs., i, no. 95)
Tuesday 18 Jul. 1290 Lady (domina) of Guardians of the realm (Tenurial & lordship relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/37 (Foedera, i, II, 736)
31 Jul. 1290 Procurators of Guardians of the realm (Employment relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/38 (Foedera, i, II, 737)
31 Jul. 1290 Messengers of the Guardians of the realm (Employment relationship) object (relationship) 1/50/38 (Foedera, i, II, 737)


Listing items 1 to 50, page 1 of 5


Date Short Summary Source
X Nov. 1271 Master 3/531/3 (ND, App., no. 386)
X 25 Nov. 1289 guardian of Scotland 1/50/26 (Stevenson, Docs., i, 114n)
29 Sept. 1271 dean of Glasgow 2/41/15 (Kel. Lib., no. 221)
29 Jan. 1273 X 11 Jul. 1273 Master 3/45/1 (Pais. Reg., 192-5)
29 Jan. 1273 X 11 Jul. 1273 dean of Glasgow 3/45/1 (Pais. Reg., 192-5)
28 Nov. 1273 dean of Glasgow 2/7/84 (Glas. Reg., no. 225)
9 Aug. 1274 dean of Glasgow 2/147/15 (Glas. Reg., no. 215 )
11 Aug. 1274 dean of Glasgow 2/147/16 (Glas. Reg., no. 214 )
18 Oct. 1274 dean of Glasgow 2/147/18 (Glas. Reg., no. 223)
19 Jul. 1275 dean 4/32/103 (Glas. Reg., no. 226A)
10 Mar. 1277 Master 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
10 Mar. 1277 chancellor (king's) 1/8/98 (RRS, iv, no. 102)
23 Mar. 1277 dean of Glasgow 2/149/1 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 454)
23 Mar. 1277 chancellor (king's) 2/149/1 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 454)
23 Mar. 1277 Master 2/149/1 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 454)
22 Feb. 1278 bishop of St Andrews 1/8/108 (RRS, iv, no. 112)
24 May 1278 bishop of St Andrews 1/8/109 (RRS, iv, no. 113)
2 Oct. 1278 Master 1/8/111 (RRS, iv, no. 115)
2 Oct. 1278 chancellor (king's) 1/8/111 (RRS, iv, no. 115)
10 Apr. 1279 bishop of St Andrews 1/8/116 (RRS, iv, no. 119)
14 Sept. 1279 chancellor (king's) 1/8/123 (RRS, iv, no. 126)
6 Dec. 1279 dean of Glasgow 2/41/16 (Glas. Reg., no. 232)
19 May 1280 X 25 Sept. 1288 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 3/16/30 (Gray of Kinfauns, 5/84, no.2)
19 May 1280 X 25 Sept. 1288 bishop of St Andrews 3/16/30 (Gray of Kinfauns, 5/84, no.2)
19 May 1280 X Jun. 1295 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 2/97/59 (St A. Lib., 176-8)
19 May 1280 X 13 Feb. 1295 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 3/224/1 (St A. Lib., 397-8)
19 May 1280 X Jun. 1295 bishop of St Andrews 2/97/59 (St A. Lib., 176-8)
19 May 1280 X 13 Feb. 1295 bishop of St Andrews 3/224/1 (St A. Lib., 397-8)
19 May 1280 X 20 Aug. 1297 bishop of St Andrews 3/317/2 (Erroll Chrs., no. 15)
19 May 1280 X 20 Aug. 1297 bishop of St Andrews 2/10/272 (Dryb. Lib., no. 151)
19 May 1280 X 20 Aug. 1297 bishop of St Andrews 2/10/273 (Kel. Lib., no. 308)
19 May 1280 X 20 Aug. 1297 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 3/317/2 (Erroll Chrs., no. 15)
21 May 1280 bishop of St Andrews 2/150/7 (Theiner, no. 276)
21 May 1280 dean of Glasgow 2/150/7 (Theiner, no. 276)
18 Jul. 1281 bishop of St Andrews 2/10/274 (Dryb. Lib., no. 152)
17 Sept. 1281 bishop of St Andrews 2/10/275 (Camb. Reg., no. 1)
Saturday 27 Sept. 1281 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 3/49/5 (Dryb. Lib., no. 20)
Saturday 27 Sept. 1281 bishop of St Andrews 3/49/5 (Dryb. Lib., no. 20)
27 Sept. 1281 X 20 Aug. 1297 bishop of St Andrews 2/10/277 (Dryb. Lib., nos. 21, 290A)
1 Nov. 1281 bishop of St Andrews 2/10/276 (BL, Cott. Chrs. XVIII, no. 29)
Dec. 1281 bishop of St Andrews 1/8/131 (RRS, iv, no. 135)
Dec. 1281 bishop of St Andrews 1/8/129 (RRS, iv, no. 133)
Dec. 1281 bishop of St Andrews 4/42/4 (Stones and Simpson, ii, 189-90)
25 Jan. 1282 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 4/32/106 (Lind. Cart., no. 125 )
12 Oct. 1282 Dominus (Lord/Sir) 2/50/2 (Camb. Reg., no. 3)
12 Oct. 1282 bishop of St Andrews 2/50/2 (Camb. Reg., no. 3)
17 Oct. 1282 bishop of St Andrews 3/319/1 (Camb. Reg., no. 49)
24 Sept. 1283 bishop of St Andrews 2/10/278 (Arb. Lib., no. 316)
5 Feb. 1284 bishop of St Andrews 4/42/5 (Foedera, i, II, 638)
10 Jun. 1285 bishop of St Andrews 2/97/58 (Newb. Reg., no. 59)


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Date Short Summary Role Source
29 Sept. 1271 10 marks and ferme of teinds of Langton, with instruments of the donation Holder (possession) 2/41/15 (Kel. Lib., no. 221)
23 Mar. 1277 Deanery of Glasgow and the church of Ayr Holder (possession) 2/149/1 (Cal. Papal Letters, i, 454)